Hyaluronic AcidThis macromolecule, naturally found in skin, attracts and holds water in the innermost layers of the skin, creating a plump, cushioned effect, filling in wrinkles on the skin’s surface. It’s particularly effective against wrinkles, uneven skin textures and rough complexions.
RetinolRetinol is a derivative of Vitamin A, which is also naturally found in skin. It boosts cell regeneration at the lowest level of the epidermis and prevents these new cells from quickly aging as they rise up to the skin’s surface. In other words, retinol dives deep to fill in pronounced wrinkles. Its downfall? Skin becomes more sensitive to the sun, so sun protection (SPF 30 minimum) is a must.
LR2412This jasmonic acid derivative is a result of biotech and green chemistry research. It works in the same way as retinol, but also boosts the synthesis of hyaluronic acid to renew, firm and smooth the epidermis.
Vitamin CVitamin C boosts dermal cells, improves the interface between the epidermis and the dermis, and stimulates cells to produce wrinkle-reducing proteins such as collagen. It’s best to rely on this active ingredient through skin care, as skin is the last organ to benefit from nutrients in food (although including some in your diet would still help).
RhamnoseRhamnose is a sugar extracted from birch trees. It solicits a series of reactions at all skin levels, from the innermost dermis up through the dermo-epidermal junction to the outer layer of the epidermis, and works on a broader range of molecules than Vitamin C. Wrinkles are filled, while skin is firmed and lifted.